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Earth Smarts

Research Methodology

Socioecological literacy emerged from a construct analysis1, a theoretical technique that helps clarify constructs that may otherwise be confusing because they are used in numerous ways. It is currently being validated and localized using the concept of educational connoisseurship2, using input drawn from the best ideas emerging from practitioners and academics from a wide variety of disciplines.

The scope of environmental and sustainability literacy is considerable, and numerous documents from within and beyond academia were used in the analysis. A flow chart of the methodology appears below - for more details, see the open access Journal of Sustainability Education3 or contact the lead researcher directly.

methodology flow chart


Click here for the full reference list.

  1. Eisner, E.W. (1998). The enlightened eye: Qualitative inquiry and the enhancement of educational practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.
  2. Krathwohl, D. (1993). Methods of educational and social science research. New York: Longman.
  3. Nichols, B. H. (2010). Introducing essential ecoliteracy, or earth smarts: Defining and validating a pragmatic educational construct based on quality of life. Journal of Sustainability Education, 1(1).

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